PM Hailemaraim attends Nigeria’s centenary celebration
Addis Ababa, 3 March 2014 (WIC) - The centenary celebration of Nigeria was held on Thursday (February, 27, 2013) in the capital Abuja.
The centenary celebration marked the amalgamation of the northern and southern British protectorates forming the state of Nigeria in 1914.
The centenary commemoration was attended by Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn and Foreign Minister Dr. Tedros Adhanom and more than a dozen African leaders.
The celebration was marked by an international conference on” Human Security, Peace and Development: Agenda for the 21st Century Africa”.
Opening the Conference, President Goodluck Ebelle Jonathan noted that in the past governments have been placing high premium on state security at the expense of people’s security.
He said, as Africa is rising evident in its growing economy, rising middle class and many countries exiting dictatorship it is time to reflect on the nexus between human security, development and peace.
He noted as drivers of conflict are linked with aspects of human security, it is imperative to focus on safety of citizens.
He stressed on the need empowerment of women, reducing global carbon emission, youth employment and equitable development for the betterment of the society.
Discussing the challenge terrorism posed on his country’s security, he said “the mindless act of murder committed by Boko Haram is neither Nigerian nor African “.
He added that combating terrorism can only be successful by ensuring human security through good governance and addressing social inequality.
He noted that Africa is losing 18 billion dollar annually because of conflict and war. Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalgen, gave a presentation under the title “The imperatives of Human Security, Peace and Development in Africa.”
PM Hailemariam said “Africa has for centuries found itself at the receiving end of injustice with its people constantly subjected to all kinds of senseless violence imaginable –be it in though slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism or, of late, through neoliberal economic orthodoxies that wrought unparalleled havoc on the continent and its people .
He said “ensuring human security in the context our continent is about addressing the myriad challenges that faced for decades on end-which are not only questions of development –and they certainly are –also at the heart of many civil wars and conflicts throughout the continent past and present.”
Prime Minister noted with emphasis the importance of improved governance structures and inclusive political arrangement and proper development policies to ensure human security, peace and development to continue with past decade positive trajectory of the development of Africa.
He also noted the efforts in APRM and the institutionalization of the principle of non indifference in AU’s constitutive act as important leaps in ensuring good governance, hence human security.
Explaining Ethiopia’s experience Prime Minister Hailemariam said Ethiopia’ was a nation ridden by war, conflict, marginalization and abject poverty .
He said Ethiopia turned a page in history with the adoption of pro poor polices and a political system capable of managing diversity.
Sir Ellen Johnson Sirleaf shared Liberia’s experience in the post Accra 2003 Accord in nation building, reconciliation and national healing and the customary dispute resolution of the Land Commission.
Jose Mannuel Barroso He added that EU-Africa relations are deepening in all aspects. While EU’s supports Africa with 6.5 billion Euros, Africa’s trade with EU stands at one third of the former’s trade volume.
In security also, EU supports full operationalization of the African Peace and Security Architecture. He noted that human securities with a focus on human rights, good governance are central elements of the partnership.
He reiterated that Africa’s security problem is also problems of European Union and continued support in that aspect defines the relationship between the two countries.
Francois Hollande noted that the stakes are high for Europe in its interest in ensuring Africa’s security. He said Africa is suffering all forms of organized crimes in trafficking of human, arms and drugs which are affecting Europe.
He said France’s intervention in Mali and Central African Republic were necessitated by humanitarian issues.
France, he said has decided to double the aid it is giving to Africa and to train the 20,000 African soldiers every year. Former OAU Chairperson Dr Salim Ahmed Salim highlighted the complementary nature of physical security and human security in that the former cannot be realized without the later. Mark Simmonds noted the transformative role of UK aid to Africa’s development.
He said ensuring human security rests on government’s choice to have an open government that creates opportunities for citizens. The celebration was later followed by musical extravaganza in Abuja National Stadium. (MoFA)
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